Table 5.

Insects killed by P. luminescensHPLC-purified toxin

Common nameOrderGenus and speciesMethod of toxin introduction
OralaInjectionb
Tobacco hornwormLepidoptera Manduca sexta ++
Wax moth larvaLepidoptera Galleria mellonella ++
MealwormColeoptera Tenebrio molitor ++
Pharaoh antHymenoptera Monomorium pharaonis + NDc
German cockroachDictyoptera Blattella germanica ++
American cockroachDictyoptera Periplaneta americana +
  • a n = 10 insects/group. +, >30% mortality; −, no insect mortality.

  • b n = 10 insects/group. +, 100% mortality.

  • c ND, not determined.