Table 1.

Comparison of different inks for staining of AM fungi in roots

ColorCompanyStaining resultComments
PurpleWatermanFungus not stainedNot suitable
GreenReynoldsFungus not stainedNot suitable
BlueShaefferFungus not stainedNot suitable
KreuzerFungus partially stainedNot suitable
PelikanFungus stained; good contrastSuitable
RedLamyFungus not stainedNot suitable
PelikanFungus not stainedNot suitable
ParkerFungus stained; roots after destaining light red; good contrastSuitable; especially interesting in combination with staining for viable AM mycelium (13)
BlackReformFungus not stainedNot suitable
CarrefourFungus stained; roots after destaining light blue; good contrastSuitable
PelikanFungus stained; roots after destaining light grey; good contrastSuitable
ShaefferFungus stained; roots after destaining light brownish; excellent contrastSuitable
CrossFungus stained; roots after destaining light blue; good contrastSuitable