Table 1.

Organisms investigated in this study

SpeciesFamily or groupSource or referenceaMediumb
Actinomycete bacteria
Streptomyces albus Streptomycetaceae ATCC 3004T YEME
Streptomyces ambofaciens Streptomycetaceae ELCYEME
Streptomyces antibioticus Streptomycetaceae ATCC 8663T YEME
Streptomyces badius Streptomycetaceae DCYEME
Streptomyces coelicolor Streptomycetaceae ATCC 10147YEME
Streptomyces erythraeus Streptomycetaceae ATCC 11635YEME
Streptomyces griseifuscus Streptomycetaceae ELCYEME
Streptomyces hygroscopicus YCED 9 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces lividans 1326 Streptomycetaceae ELCYEME
Streptomyces lividansTK23 Streptomycetaceae DAHYEME
Streptomyces lividans TK64 Streptomycetaceae DAHYEME
Streptomyces lividansTK64.1 Streptomycetaceae DAHYEME
Streptomyces lydicus WYEC108 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces olivaceus Streptomycetaceae ATCC 3335T YEME
Streptomyces plicatus Streptomycetaceae ATCC 25483T CYD
Streptomyces rimosus Streptomycetaceae ATCC 10970T YEME
Streptomyces rocheiA4 Streptomycetaceae MPYEME
Streptomyces violaceus Streptomycetaceae ATCC 13734YEME
Streptomyces viridosporusT7A Streptomycetaceae DCYEME
Streptomycesstrain WYE 19 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces strain WYE 27 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomycesstrain WYE 28 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces strain WYE 41 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomycesstrain WYE 48 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces strain WYE 79 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomycesstrain WYE 95 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces strain WYE 98 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomycesstrain WYEC 102 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces strain WYEC 107 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomycesstrain YCED 20 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces strain YCED 33 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomycesstrain YCED 36 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces strain YCED 47 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomycesstrain YCED 57 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomyces strain YCED 64 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Streptomycesstrain YCED 93 Streptomycetaceae DCCYD
Actinoplanes garbadinensis Micromonosporaceae ATCC 31049T NZA
Actinoplanesspp. Micromonosporaceae PICNZA
Arthrobacter globiformis Micrococcaceae ATCC 607TSB
Arthrobacter globiformis Micrococcaceae ATCC 8010T TSB
Arthrobacter ramosus Micrococcaceae ATCC 13727T TSB
Brevibacterium linens Brevibacteriaceae ATCC 9172T NB
Corynebacterium xerosis Corynebacteriaceae ATCC 373T AB
Couchioplanes caeruleus Micromonosporaceae ATCC 33937NZA
Dactylosporangium fulvum Micromonosporaceae ATCC 43301T YEME
Dactylosporangium roseum Micromonosporaceae ATCC 31744YEME
Frankia spp. Frankiaceae ATCC 33029FM
Frankia spp. Frankiaceae ATCC 33255FM
Gordonia corallina Gordoniaceae ATCC 31338AB
Microbispora aerata Streptosporangiaceae ATCC 15448T AB
Micrococcus luteus Micrococcaceae ATCC 4698T LB
Micromonospora citra Micromonosporaceae ATCC 35571T AB
Micromonospora globosa Micromonosporaceae ATCC 31465AB
Micromonospora spp. Micromonosporaceae DCCYD
Mycobacterium lacticola Mycobacteriaceae ATCC 14468NB
Mycobacterium smegmatis Mycobacteriaceae ATCC 14468NB
Nocardioides simplex Nocardioidaceae ATCC 15799TSB
Rhodococcus opacus Nocardiaceae ATCC 51881T NB
Streptosporangium longisporum Streptosporangiaceae ATCC 25212T AB
Terrabacter tumescens Intrasporangiaceae ATCC 21109TSB
Thermomonospora mesophila Thermomonosporaceae ATCC 27303T AB
Nonactinomycete bacteria
Ralstonia eutrophia JMP134 Burkholderia DONNB
Bacillus subtilis Bacillus or Staphylococcus ATCC 19659NB
Clostridium bifermentansKMR-1 Clostridiaceae RCBHI
Enterobacter cloaceae 96-37 Enterobacteriaceae ATCC 43560YEG
Escherichia coliJM101 Enterobacteriaceae YANLB
Escherichia coli Enterobacteriaceae ATCC 11303LB
Flavobacteriumspp. Flavobacteriaceae RCGLU
Burkholderia cepacia DLC 62 Burkholderia SNDNB
Pseudomonas putida mt-2 Pseudomonas ATCC 33015NB
Pseudomonas stutzeriiKC Pseudomonas CRIACE
Salmonella entericaserovar Typhimurium TA1538 Enterobacteriaceae WATNB
Staphylococcus aureus Bacillus orStaphylococcus ATCC 6538NB
  • a The superscript “T” designates type strains. PIC, Presque Isle Cultures; ICPB, International Cultures of Plant Bacteria, University of California at Davis; ATCC, American Type Culture Collection; ELC, Eli Lilly & Company; DAH, D. A. Hopwood, John Innes Institute; SND, soil associated with North Dakota lignite coal; MP, M. Pasti (27a); DC, D. Crawford, University of Idaho; RC, R. Crawford, University of Idaho; WAT, M. Watanabe et al. (38a); DON, R. H. Don and J. M. Pemberton (4b); YAN, C. Yanisch-Perron et al. (40a); CRI, C. S. Criddle et al. (4a).

  • b YEME, yeast extract-malt extract (yeast extract, 4 g; malt extract, 10 g; water to 1 liter); CYD, casein-yeast extract-dextrose (casein [acid hydrolysate], 5 g; yeast extract, 5 g; glucose, 10 g; water to 1 liter); NZA, N-Z amine with soluble starch and glucose; TSB, tryptic soy broth (casein hydrolysate, 17 g; soy meal hydrolysate, 3 g; NaCl, 5 g; K2HPO4, 2.5 g; glucose, 2.5 g; water to 1 liter); NB, nutrient broth (nutrient broth powder [Difco], 8 g; water to 1 liter); AB, Actinomycesbroth (actinomyces broth powder [Difco]); YEG, yeast extract-glycerol (yeast extract, 1 g; casein hydrolysate, 2 g; K2HPO4, 1.4 g; KH2PO4, 0.6 g; MgSO4, 0.5 g; K2SO4, 1 g; glycerol, 20 ml; water to 800 ml); LB, L broth (tryptone, 10 g; yeast extract, 5 g; NaCl, 0.5 g; water to 1 liter); GLU, glutamate mediuml-Na-glutamate, 4 g; K2HPO4 · 3H2O, 0.82 g; KH2PO4, 0.19 g; NaNO3, 0.5 g; MgSO4 · 7H2O, 0.1 g; water to 1 liter); ACE, acetate medium [Na-acetate, 3 g; KH2PO4, 2 g; K2HPO4, 3.5 g; (NH4)2SO4, 1 g; MgSO4 · 7H2O, 0.5 g; NaNO3, 2 g; Ca(NO3)2 (0.15M), 1 ml]; BHI, brain heart infusion broth (Difco; 37 g, water to 1 liter); FM, Frankia medium (ATCC medium 1060).