Table A1.

Host characteristics and geographical origins of E. coli from wild mammals and birds

Host species (strain number [s]) or ECOR designationaOrderDietHabitatCountry or place of origin
Gopherus flavomarginatus(57) Reptilia HerbivoreWildMexico
Tachyglosus aculeatus(TA309–311) Monotremata InsectsWildAustralia
Ornithorhynchus anatinus (TA319, 320) Monotremata InsectsWildAustralia
Marmosa canescens (64) Marsupialia OmnivoreWildMexico
Didelphis virginiana (79, 2048–2050) Marsupialia OmnivoreWildMexico
Philander opossum (1698) Marsupialia OmnivoreWildMexico
Cercatetus concinnus(TA002) Marsupialia OmnivoreWildAustralia
Antechinus bellus (TA148) Marsupialia InsectsWildAustralia
Antechinus flavipes(TA237) Marsupialia InsectsWildAustralia
Antechinus swainsonii (TA153) Marsupialia InsectsWildAustralia
Dasyurus geofroii(TA124) Marsupialia CarnivoreWildAustralia
Dasyurus hallucatus(TA260) Marsupialia CarnivoreWildAustralia
Dasyurus maculatus (TA036) Marsupialia CarnivoreWildAustralia
Sminthopsis macroura(TA244) Marsupialia InsectsWildAustralia
Sminthopsis murina (TA151) Marsupialia InsectsWildAustralia
Sminthopsis delichura(TA120) Marsupialia InsectsWildAustralia
Bettongia penicillata(TA115) Marsupialia HerbivoreWildAustralia
Lagorchestes hirsutus(TA263) Marsupialia HerbivoreWildAustralia
Macropus eugenii (TA052) Marsupialia HerbivoreWildAustralia
Macropus fulginosus(TA004) Marsupialia HerbivoreWildAustralia
Macropus giganteus (TA057) Marsupialia HerbivoreWildAustralia
Petrogale lateralis(TA135) Marsupialia HerbivoreWildAustralia
Perameles nasuta (TA020) Marsupialia InsectsWildAustralia
Petaurus breviceps(TA243) Marsupialia OmnivoreWildAustralia
Pseudocheirus peregrinus(TA022) Marsupialia HerbivoreWildAustralia
Dasypus sp. (2395, 2396) Xerarntha OmnivoreWildMexico
Nyctomys sp. (69) Rodentia GranivoreWildMexico
Baiomys musculus (75) Rodentia GranivoreWildMexico
Habromys sp. (88–89) Rodentia GranivoreClose to cityMexico
Peromyscus sp. (71–73) Rodentia GranivoreWildMexico
Peromyscus megalops (95) Rodentia GranivoreWildMexico
Peromyscus boylii (96, 97) Rodentia GranivoreWildMexico
Oryzomys sp. (58–60) Rodentia GranivoreWildMexico
Sigmodon mascotensis (67, 68) Rodentia OmnivoreWildMexico
Neotoma albigula(296–298) Rodentia OmnivoreWildMexico
Zyzomys argurus (TA140, -141, -150) Rodentia GranivoreWildAustralia
Rattus rattus (TA201, -063) Rodentia OmnivoreClose to cityAustralia
Rattus lutreolus (TA053, -107) Rodentia OmnivoreWildAustralia
Rattus fuscipes (TA001, -216) Rodentia OmnivoreWildAustralia
Pseudomys apodemoides (TA093, -096) Rodentia HerbivoreWildAustralia
Mus musculus (TA072, -074, -105) Rodentia OmnivoreCityAustralia
Mus musculus (3490–3492) Rodentia OmnivoreCityMexico
Notomys mitchelli (TA098, -100, -102) Rodentia GranivoreWildAustralia
Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris (2079, 2080) Rodentia HerbivoreZooVenezuela
Liomys pictus (76, 78) Rodentia GranivoreWildMexico
Liomys pictus (19–21) Rodentia GranivoreZooMexico
Dipodomys merriami(286–288) Rodentia GranivoreWildMexico
Perognathus penicillatus (820–822) Rodentia GranivoreWildMexico
Tursiops truncatus(2025–2027) Cetacea CarnivoreWildMexico
Felis concolor (268, 269) Carnivora CarnivoreWildMexico
Felis catus(8–10) Carnivora OmnivoreDomesticMexico
Panthera onca (65, 66, 270) Carnivora CarnivoreWildMexico
Lutra longicaudis(1930–1932) Carnivora CarnivoreZooMexico
Trichosurus vulpecula(TA038) Marsupialia OmnivoreWildAustralia
Phascolarctos cinereus(TA003) Marsupialia HerbivoreWildAustralia
Sorexsp. (238, 240) Insectivora InsectsWildMexico
Tachyglosus aculeatus(TA051) Chiroptera InsectsWildAustralia
Tadarida brasiliensis (259, 261, 266) Chiroptera InsectsWildMexico
Desmodus rotundus (25, 26) Chiroptera BloodClose to cityMexico
Leptonycteris nivalis (31, 33, 36) Chiroptera NectarClose to cityMexico
Carollia brevicauda (40–42) Chiroptera NectarWildMexico
Nyctophilus geoffroyi(TA225) Chiroptera InsectsWildAustralia
Alouatta palliata (1638, 1639) Primates HerbivoreWildMexico
Alouatta palliata(1731) Primates HerbivoreZooCosta Rica
Alouatta pigra (1699) Primates HerbivoreWildMexico
Ateles geoffroyi (1669) Primates HerbivoreWildMexico
Papio cynocephalus (B184, -197, -307, -349, -427, -430) Primates OmnivoreWildAfrica
ECOR7 orangutan Primates OmnivoreZooUnited States
K-12 MG1655 Primates OmnivoreCity
Homo sapiens (45–47) Primates OmnivoreCityMexico
ECOR1 human Primates OmnivoreCityUnited States
ECOR5 human Primates OmnivoreCityUnited States
ECOR8 human Primates OmnivoreCityUnited States
ECOR10 human Primates OmnivoreCityUnited States
ECOR11 human Primates OmnivoreCityEurope
ECOR12 human Primates OmnivoreCityEurope
ECOR26 human Primates OmnivoreCityUnited States
ECOR41 human Primates OmnivoreCityAustralia
Sylvilagus sp. (80) Lagomorpha HerbivoreWildMexico
Oryctolagus cuniculus(2355–2357) Lagomorpha HerbivoreWildMexico
Romerolagus diazi(2372–2374) Lagomorpha HerbivoreClose to cityMexico
Bassariscus astutus (84, 815–817) Carnivora OmnivoreWildMexico
Nasua narica (2060, 2062) Carnivora OmnivoreWildMexico
Procyon lotor(2064–2066) Carnivora OmnivoreWildMexico
Canis latrans (90–92, 824, 825, 830) Carnivora OmnivoreWildMexico
Canis familiaris (1–3) Carnivora OmnivoreDomesticMexico
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (272, 299–301) Carnivora OmnivoreWildMexico
ECOR23 elephant Pachydermata HerbivoreZooUnited States
Trichechus manatus (1735, 1736) Sirenia HerbivoreWildMexico
Tapirus bairdii (1666–1668, 1937) Perissodactyla HerbivoreWildMexico
Tapirus terrestris (2381, 2382) Perissodactyla HerbivoreWildVenezuela
Equus caballus (807, 808) Perissodactyla HerbivoreDomesticMexico
ECOR45 pig Perissodactyla HerbivoreDomesticAsia
Tayassu tajacu(2055) Artiodactyla HerbivoreWildMexico
Odocoeileus virginianus (63, 1984, 1985) Artiodactyla HerbivoreWildMexico
ECOR27 giraffe Artiodactyla HerbivoreZooUnited States
Bos taurus (2376, 2379) Artiodactyla HerbivoreDomesticMexico
ECOR33 sheep Artiodactyla HerbivoreDomesticUnited States
Ovis aries (1965–1967) Artiodactyla HerbivoreClose to cityMexico
Sula nebouxi(137) Aves CarnivoreWildMexico
Aquila chrysaetus(55) Aves CarnivoreWildMexico
Aratinga canicularis (48) Aves FrugivoreWildMexico
Calothorax lucifer (207) Aves NectarWildMexico
Amazilia beryllina (225) Aves NectarWildMexico
Henicorhina leucophrys(151) Aves InsectsWildMexico
Basileuterus belli(108) Aves InsectsWildMexico
Atlapetes brunneinucha (126) Aves InsectsWildMexico
Passer domesticus (345) Aves GranivoreWildMexico
Empidonax sp. (161) Aves InsectsWildMexico
  • a For additional information regarding the ECOR isolates, see reference 32.