TABLE 2.

Protein expression levels of O. oeni cellsa

SpotProteinEthanol stressEthanol adaptation
1MDH0.6ND
2GR1.13.6
3GPDH0.50.9
4IMPDH0.60.5
5HPr3ND
  • a Cells were stressed with 12% ethanol for 1 h, or adapted cells were grown in the presence of 8% ethanol (numbering is according to Fig. 1). Induction or repression factors were calculated by dividing the normalized values of the spots of stressed and adapted cells by the normalized value of the spots in the control. ND, not detected; MDH, metal-dependent hydrolase; GR, glutathione reductase; GPDH, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; IMPDH, inosine-5′-monophosphate dehydrogenase; HPr, phosphocarrier protein.