TABLE 2.

Seasonal variation of DWV, SBV, ABPV, BQCV, CBPV, and KBV in bee and Varroa samples from 36 apiaries

ApiaryRegionaDWVSBVCBPVABPVBQCVKBV
Adults, springAdults, summerAdults, autumnPupae, springPupae, summerPupae, autumnVarroacAdults, springAdults, summerAdults, autumnPupae, springPupae, summerPupae, autumnVarroacAdults, springAdults, summerAdults, autumnPupae, springPupae, summerPupae, autumnVarroacAdults, springAdults, summerAdults, autumnPupae, springPupae, summerPupae, autumnVarroacAdults, springAdults, summerAdults, autumnPupae, springPupae, summerPupae, autumnVarroacAdults, springAdults, summerAdults, autumnPupae, springPupae, summerPupae, autumnVarroac
910ALb+++++++++
333AQ+++++NA++NANA+NA+++NANA
497AQ++++++++++++++
878AQ+++++++++++++++
855AU++++++++++++
649AU++++++++++++++++
208BN+++++++++++++++++
426BR+++++++++
429BRNANANANANANA
150CA+++++++++
746CA+++++++++++++++
751CA+++++++++++++++++
624CE++++++NA+++NA+NA++NA+++NANA
413CE++++++++++++++++
1005HN+++++++++++++++
802LO++++++++++++++++
702LR++++NANA+NANANANA
900LR++++++++++++++++
125MP+++++++++++++++++
1051MP+++++++++++++
1049MP+++NA++++NANANA+++NANA
137MP++++++NA+++NANANA+NANA
814NO+++++NANANANA++NANA++NANANANANANA
1182PA+++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1196PA++++++++++++
242PC++++++++++++++++
28PI++++++++++++++++++++++
727PL++++++++++++++++++
355RA++++NA+++++NANA++NA+++NA+++NA
626RA+++++NA++++++NANA+NA+++NANA
380RA++++++NA+++++NANA++NA+++NANA
992RA++++++NA+++NANA+++NA++++NANA
591RA+++++NA++++++NANANA++++NA+++NA
585RA++++++NA++++NANA+NA+++NA+++NA
106RA+++++++++++++++++++
934RA++++++NA+++++NANA+NA+++NA+++NA
No. (%) of positive apiaries33 (92)33 (92)35 (97)20 (56)29 (81)29 (83)22 (100)24 (67)31 (86)24 (67)17 (47)23 (64)7 (20)10 (45)4 (11)3 (8)7 (19)00005 (14)15 (42)14 (39)1 (3)6 (17)4 (11)8 (36)28 (78)29 (81)27 (75)1 (3)7 (19)006 (17)6 (17)5 (14)02 (6)1 (3)1 (5)
  • a PA, Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur; LR, Languedoc Roussillon; RA, Rhône Alpes; NO, Nord; MP, Midi Pyrénées; CA, Champagne Ardennes; LO, Lorraine; AU, Auvergne Picardie; BR, Bretagne; PL, Pays de Loire; BN, Basse Normandie; CE, Centre; AL, Alsace; AQ, Aquitaine; HN, Haute Normandie; PC, Poitou Charentes.

  • b −, negative; +, positive; NA, sample not available.

  • c The Varroa samples were collected in August or September.