TABLE 2.

Campylobacter species and types detected in relation to sample type and collection timed

Flock(s)Sample source(s) (day[s])Species (n)STa (n)Phage type/serotypeb (n)flaAc (n)
A/BBreeders (0) from one farm with six housesC. jejuni (9)447 (2)1/13 (1); 33/13 (1)
436 (2)1/NT (2)
311 (1)63/13 (1)
1012 (1)33/13 (1)
63/13 (2); 1/13 (1)
C. coli (10)
ABroilers (35)C. jejuni (26)447 (8)33/13 (2), 7 (2), 57 (1); 1/NT (2), 7 (1)
33/13 (9), 7 (3), NT (1); 1/NT (4), 13 (1)
BBroilers (35)C. jejuni (18)447 (10)33/13 (2), 7 (2); 1/13 (2), NT (1), 2 (1), 7 (1), 21 (1)
33/13 (7), 7 (2), NT (2), 57 (1); 1/NT (5), 5 (1)
A/BPuddle (0)C. jejuni (3)436 (3)1/NT (2), 18 (1)
FBreeders (21) from four farms and 13 housesC. jejuni (61)
Broilers (43)C. coli (12)860 (10)44/56 (7), NT (3)
887 (1)44/24 (1)
— (1)1/48 (1)
Puddle (0)C. jejuni (1)1/6 (1)
Transport crates (43)C. coli (13)1055 (4)7/NT (2); NT/NT (2)
855 (3)44/56 (3)
860 (2)NT/NT (2)
887 (1)2/24 (1)
1597 (3)44/24 (3)
C. jejuni (1)— (1)33/5 (1)
GBreeders (21) from four farms and 11 housesC. coli (21)
C. jejuni (94)262 (3)14/50 (2); 33/50 (1)
104 (5)34/50 (3), 34 (1); 5/50 (1)
137 (4)8/NT (1), 37 (1), 55 (1); 1/NT (1)
93 (3)RDNC/50 (3)
574 (2)1/50 (2)
21 (1)33/19 (1)
806 (3)14/50 (3)
1015 (1)14/50 (1)
14/50 (17), NT (1); 8/NT (10), 37 (2); RDNC/50 (10); 1/NT (4), 50 (4), 55 (1); 33/NT (3), 19 (3), 50 (2); NT/55 (2); 25/50 (1); 34/50 (11); 39/31 (1)
Broilers (33)C. jejuni (31)354 (14)2/18 (14)F2 (1)
2/18 (17)
Broilers (40)C. jejuni (14)354 (1)2/18 (1)
45 (1)67/27 (1)F1 (1)
2/18 (10)
67/45 (2)F1 (2)
Broilers (45)C. jejuni (26)45 (22)67/27 (9), 45 (4), 13 (2), NT (1); RDNC/45 (4), 13 (2)F1 (5)
354 (3)2/18 (3)F2 (1)
67/45 (1)
Puddle (0)C. jejuni (1)45 (1)67/27 (1)F1 (1)
Cattle (126-33)C. coli (2)NT/NT (2)
C. jejuni (2)21 (2)33/1 (1), 19 (1)
Anteroom (26)C. jejuni (3)677 (3)1/NT (3)
Feed, air, and water (33-40)C. jejuni (13)2/18 (13)
HBreeders (21) from three farms and 11 housesC. jejuni (17)50 (4)14/NT (1)
267 (3)1/37 (1)
21 (3)NT/NT (1)
45 (3)2/NT (1)
791 (2)RDNC/NT (2)F6 (2)
324 (1)
353 (1)
C. coli (3)7/66 (1); 2/66 (1); 44/NT (1)
Broilers (18)C. coli (3)NT/61 (2), 28 (1)
Litter (21)C. jejuni (2)791 (2)1/9 (1); NT/9 (1)F5 (1)
Broilers (28)C. jejuni (10)791 (10)NT/9 (7); 1/9 (3)F5 (3)
Broilers (30)C. jejuni (13)354 (10)2/18 (2)
791 (3)44/9 (1); NT/NT (1)F5 (1)
Broilers (35)C. jejuni (14)354 (13)2/18 (3)F2 (3)
791 (1)44/9 (1)
Broilers (44)C. jejuni (7)791 (6)
354 (1)
C. coli (5)2/39 (4); 44/NT (1)
Puddles (0-21)C. jejuni (15)42 (9)1/13 (4); 33/9 (1)
257 (3)
354 (1)2/18 (1)F2 (1)
262 (1)
790 (1)
Cattle (0)C. hyointestinalis (3)
Path (15)C. jejuni (3)42 (3)1/13 (1)
Air (30-35)C. jejuni (5)354 (5)
JBreeders (21) from one farm and three housesC. jejuni (109)50 (17)2/13 (6), 44 (3), NT (2), 60 (2), 18 (1); NT/13 (1); 44/13 (1); 1/3 (1)F7 (1)
257 (2)2/63 (1); NT/13 (1)
2/13 (57), NT (19), 60 (11); NT/63 (1), 13 (1)
Puddle (18-25)C. coli (5)2/NT (4), 39 (1)
Broiler (32)C. jejuni (3)573 (1)1/3 (1)F5 (1)
1/3 (2)
Broiler (39)C. jejuni (42)573 (6)1/3 (3), 13(2), NT (1)
1/3 (25), NT (11)
Drinker (39)C. jejuni (3)573 (1)1/3 (1)
1/3 (2)
Broiler (42)C. jejuni (38)573 (3)1/3 (3)
1/3 (28), NT (7)
XBroiler (38)C. coli (12)2/48 (9), 24 (1), NT (2)
Air in shed (38)C. coli (2)2/48 (2)
C. jejuni (1)6/NT (1)
  • a Determined by MLST. Bold type indicates sequence type.

  • b When serotype is preceded by a comma, isolates have the same phage type (in bold) as the previous set of isolates. NT, nontypeable; RDNC, reacted with phage but did not conform to a recognized type.

  • c flaA restriction fragment length polymorphism type. Band sizes, measured manually, are as follows (mean numbers of base pairs ± standard errors): for F1, 177 ± 3, 234 ± 1, 258 ± 1, 329 ± 2, and 610 ± 4; for F2, 161 ± 3, 232 ± 1, and 938 ± 7; for F5, 161 ± 1, 224 ± 2, 281 ± 3, and 896 ± 4; for F6, 159, 187, 223, 271, and 410; and for F7, 162, 190, 229, 302, and 333.

  • d —, not typed.