TABLE 1.

Denitrifying organisms determined in this study

Taxonomic position (class, family, or genus)Type strain with highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to query sequenceGrowth medium (no. of isolates)
Species nameStrain number% Sequence similarityAccession number
Alphaproteobacteria
    Brucellaceae
        BrucellaBrucella ovisATCC 25840T99.5L26168G3M5 (1)
        OchrobactrumOchrobactrum anthropiDSM 6882T97.8-100D12794G1M3 (1), G1M14 (3), G2M6 (1), G2M7 (1), G3M4 (5), G3M5 (3), G3M7 (2), G4M3 (1)
Ochrobactrum intermediumLMG 3301T99.2U70978G2M11 (1), G2M12 (1)
Ochrobactrum triticiDSM 13340T100AJ242584G3M5 (2)
    Methylobacteraceae
        MethylobacteriumMethylobacterium suomienseDSM 14458T95.1AY009404G2M4 (1)
    Rhizobiaceae
        RhizobiumRhizobium giardiniiCIP 105503T97.2U86344G3M12 (1)
Rhizobium gallicumMSDJ1109T97.6U86343G1M15 (1)
Rhizobium radiobacterATCC 19358T97.2-100AJ389904G3M2 (1), G1M15 (1)
Rhizobium sullaeDSM 14623T97.6Y10170G1M15 (1)
        SinorhizobiumSinorhizobium morelenseLC04T97.0-97.2AY024335G1M1 (1), G2M11 (1), G2M12 (1)
    Rhodobacteraceae
        ParacoccusParacoccus aminophilusATCC 49673T97.6AY014176G1M3 (2)
Paracoccus alcaliphilusATCC 51199T97.6-97.8AY014177G1M3 (1), G2M7 (1), G3M4 (1), G3M7 (1), G3M12 (1), G4M15 (2)
Paracoccus aminovoransATCC 49632T97.4-99.7D32240G1M5 (2), G1M14 (3), G2M3 (3), G3M4 (1), G3M5 (1), G4M3 (1), G4M12 (5), G4M15 (3)
Paracoccus carotinifaciensE-396T98.4-98.7AB006899G3M4 (1), G3M7 (2)
Paracoccus pantotrophusATCC 35512T100Y16933G3M5 (1), G3M14 (2)
Paracoccus yeeiCCUG 46822T97.8AY014173G3M4 (1), G3M12 (1), G3M13 (1)
Paracoccus versutusATCC 25364T99.9-100AY014174G1M7 (1), G2M4 (1), G2M7 (1), G3M5 (1)
        PannonibacterPannonibacter phragmitetusDSM 14782T100AJ400704G3M2 (1)
Betaproteobacteria
    Comamonadaceae
        AcidovoraxAcidovorax avenae subsp. citrulliATCC 29625T98.1-98.3AF078761G2M6 (1), G2M7 (1)
Acidovorax defluviiDSM 12644T99.4-100Y18616G2M15 (1), G3M2 (1), G3M10 (2), G3M11 (1), G3M12 (1), G3M13 (2), G4M13 (1), G4M14 (1)
Acidovorax temperansATCC 49665T97.8-99.5AF078766G1M1 (4), G1M8 (1), G2M15 (2)
        AlicycliphilusAlicycliphilus denitrificansDSM 14773T97.7-99.8AJ418042G1M1 (3), G3M1 (1)
        ComamonasComamonas aquaticaATCC 11330T99.0-99.8AJ430344G3M1 (2)
Comamonas denitrificansATCC 700936T98.3-99.9AF233877G1M15 (1), G2M4 (1), G2M7 (2), G2M9 (1), G2M11 (1), G3M1 (2), G3M3 (2)
G3M9 (1), G3M15 (1), G4M4 (1), G4M5 (3), G4M8 (3), G4M10 (17)
        DiaphorobacterDiaphorobacter nitroreducensDSM 15985T99.2-99.8AB064317G1M1 (3), G2M11 (2), G3M1 (1), G3M12 (1), G4M14 (1)
    Neisseraceae
        AquaspirillumAquaspirillum metamorphumDSM 1837T98.9Y18618G4M3 (1)
    Rhodocyclaceae
        AzospiraAzospira oryzaeLMG 9096T99.9-100AF011347G2M11 (1), G4M3 (1)
        AzovibrioAzovibrio restrictusLMG 9099T100AF011346G2M9 (1)
        DechloromonasDechloromonas agitataATCC 700666T100AF047462G4M3 (4), G4M7 (2)
Dechloromonas denitrificansDSM 15892T97.2-99.8AJ318917G4M3 (1), G4M6 (1)
        ThaueraThauera aromaticaDSM 6984T99.2-99.3X77118TSA (2)
Thauera aminoaromaticaDSM 14742T99.5-100AJ315677G4M3 (5), G4M7 (2), G4M8 (2)
Thauera chlorobenzoicaATCC 700723T99.4AF123264TSA (1)
Thauera mechernichensisDSM 12266T98.0Y17590G2M13 (1)
Thauera phenylaceticaDSM 14743T95.0-99.5AJ315678G2M13 (1), G3M15 (1), G4M6 (2), TSA (1)
Thauera selenatisATCC 55363T99.1Y17591TSA (1)
        ZoogloeaZoogloea ramigeraATCC 19544T96.4X74913G4M6 (1)
Species nameStrain number% Sequence similarityAccession number
Gammaproteobacteria
    Pseudomonadaceae
        PseudomonasPseudomonas aeruginosaATCC 10145T99.9-100AF094713G1M1 (1), G2M11 (1)
Pseudomonas alcaligenesATCC 14909T100Z76653G2M6 (2), G2M7 (1)
Pseudomonas mendocinaATCC 25411T95.3-95.6AJ308310G3M9 (1), TSA (1)
Pseudomonas nitroreducensATCC 33634T99.1-99.3D84021G1M10 (1), G3M9 (1)
Pseudomonas putidaATCC 12633T98.9AJ308313G4M9 (1)
Pseudomonas stutzeriATCC 17588T100AF094748G2M11 (1)
Epsilonproteobacteria
    Campylobacteraceae
        ArcobacterArcobacter cryaerophilusCCUG 17801T99.3-99.8L14624G4M6 (2)
Arcobacter skirrowiiATCC 51132T94.6L14625G4M6 (1)
Arcobacter nitrofigilisATCC 33309T95.4L14627G4M6 (1)
Firmicutes
    Bacillaceae
        BacillusBacillus clausiiATCC 700160T99.7X76440G4M3 (1)
Bacillus mojavensisATCC 51516T98.6-98.7X68416G1M4 (1), G1M8 (1)
    Carnobacteraceae
        TrichococcusTrichococcus flocculiformisDSM 2094T100AJ306611G4M6 (1)
    Enterococcaceae
        EnterococcusEnterococcus casseliflavusATCC 25788T99.2-100AF039903G1M5 (1)
G2M11 (1)
    Paenibacillaceae
        PaenibacillusPaenibacillus agaridevoransDSM 1355T98.6AJ345023G3M12 (1)
    Staphylococcaceae
        StaphylococcusStaphylococcus hominis subsp. hominisATCC 27844T99.9L37601TSA (1)
Bacteroidetes
    Flavobacteriaceae
        ChryseobacteriumChryseobacterium gleumATCC 35910T94.8AY468449G2M6 (1)