TABLE 4.

Antagonistic effects of Metschnikowia against various microorganisms

StrainWidth of inhibition zone (mm) around colonies of Metschnikowia straina:Remarks
02.4.3.3802.11.1.21
Aspergillus clavatus IMI 1594922.5
Aspergillus niger IMI 1745400Growth reduction
Aureobasidium pullulans 27/2.3610Growth reduction with no sharp edge; dark band around the Metschnikowia colonyb
Botrytis cinerea 9803.54Growth stimulation zone, 1 mm
Botrytis cinerea 331844Growth stimulation zone, 1 mm
10-432 Candida stellata00
10-372 Candida zemplinina35Growth stimulation zones, 3 mm for 02.4.3.38 and 0.5 mm for 02.11.1.21c
Escherichia coli DH522.5
Gilbertella persicaria IMI 1016383.54.5
10-511 Hanseniaspora uvarum00
Mucor piriformis NRRL 363622
Mucor circinelloides ATCC 121622
Oenococcus oeni B1600.5Growth stimulation zone, 3 mm
Rhizopus stolonifer var. stolonifer CBS 109.764.55.5
Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c00Growth reduction with no sharp edged
10-408 Saccharomyces uvarum00Growth reduction with no sharp edge
7-1 Schizosaccharomyces japonicus var. japonicus CCY-44-5-100
0-1 Schizosaccharomyces pombe var. pombe L97200
  • a Results were determined after 6 days of incubation. Data for four experiments are shown. The widths of the halos and inhibition zones were measured manually. Due to the identical conditions and because of the resolution limit of manual measurement, no detectable deviations were observed.

  • b See Fig. 5C.

  • c See Fig. 5B.

  • d See Fig. 5A.