TABLE 2.

Wolbachia strains analyzed

Host species or subspecies (strain[s])OrderGeneric nameSupergroupaHost phenotypeb
Acromis sparsaColeopteraBeetleA
Aedes albopictusDipteraMosquitoACI
Camponotus pennsylvanicusHymenopteraAntA
Drosophila bifasciataDipteraFruit flyAMK
Drosophila innubilaDipteraFruit flyAMK
Drosophila melanogasterDipteraFruit flyACI
Drosophila neotestaceaDipteraFruit flyA
Drosophila orientaceaDipteraFruit flyACI
Drosophila recensDipteraFruit flyACI
Drosophila simulans (wRi)DipteraFruit flyACI
Drosophila simulans(wAu)DipteraFruit flyACI
Ephestia kuehniellaLepidopteraFlour mothA
Incisitermes snyderiIsopteraTermiteA
Muscidifurax uniraptorHymenopteraWaspAPI
Nasonia giraulti (16.2)HymenopteraWaspACI
Nasonia longicornis(2.1)HymenopteraWaspACI
Nasonia vitripennis(12.1)HymenopteraWaspACI
Solenopsis invictaHymenopteraAntA
Acraea encedonLepidopteraButterflyBMK
Acraea eponinaLepidopteraButterflyB
Armadillidium vulgareIsopodaIsopodBFI
Chelymorpha alternansColeopteraBeetleBCI
Culex pipiens pipiensDipteraMosquitoBCI
Culex pipiens quinquefasciatusDipteraMosquitoBCI
Drosophila simulans(wMa)DipteraFruit flyBCI
Drosophila simulans(wNo)DipteraFruit flyBCI
Encarsia formosaLepidopteraWaspBPI
Ephestia kuehniellaLepidopteraFlour mothB
Gryllus firmusOrthopteraCricketBCI
Nasonia vitripennis (4.9)LepidopteraWaspBCI
Ostrinia scapulalisLepidopteraMothBMK
Protocalliphora sialia(B1, 00-189)DipteraBlow flyB
Teleogryllus taiwanemmaOrthopteraCricketBCI
Tribolium confusumColeopteraBeetleBCI
Trichogramma deion (TX)LepidopteraWaspBPI
Brugia malayiSpiruridaNematodeDM
Folsomia candidaCollembolaSpringtailE
Coptotermes acinaciformisIsopteraTermiteF
Cimex lectulariusHeteropteraBed bugF
Zootermopsis angusticollisIsopteraTermiteF
Cordylochernes scorpioidesPseudoscorpionesPseudoscorpionMK
Ctenocephalides felisSiphonapteraDog flea
  • a All hosts were infected with a single strain.

  • b MK, male killing; PI, parthenogenesis induction; CI, cytoplasmic incompatibility; FI, feminization induction; M, mutualism. The host phenotypes are based on previously published information.