Dissemination of the isolated spore-forming species across the sampled dairy farms

% of dairy farms with isolation of a given spore-forming speciesa
B. licheniformisBrevibacillus agriBrevibacillus borstelensisB. circulans
B. pallidusBrevibacillus spp.Brevibacillus sp. nov. HB. flexus
B. farraginisbB. fordiibP. lactisbP. thiaminolyticus
B. subtilis groupB. smithiiB. oleroniusPaenibacillus sp. nov. G
Bacillus sp. nov. BB. sporothermoduransPaenibacillus sp. nov. M
Geobacillus spp.Bacillus sp. nov. CA. aneurinilyticus
No identificationcBacillus sp. nov. DB. barbaricus
U. thermosphaericusBacillus sp. nov. K
B. fortisbPaenibacillus sp. nov. I
B. thermoamylovoransVirgibacillus sp. nov. A
Paenibacillus sp. nov. JB. sphaericus
A. thermoaerophilusB. thuringiensis
V. proomiiBacillus sp.
Virgibacillus sp. nov. FBacillus sp. nov. E
Brevibacillus brevis
Paenibacillus sp.
Paenibacillus sp. nov. L
Paenibacillus sp. nov. N
  • a Arranged in mathematical order of predominance.

  • b P. lactis, B. farraginis, B. fortis, and B. fordii were described as new species following their isolation in this study (36, 38).

  • c Strains which held a single position in the FAME clustering of a given sample category and not further analyzed or which clustered together with B. sporothermodurans strains in FAME but reacted negatively in a PCR with the primers described by Scheldeman et al. (37).