Comparison of viral communities from soil and other environments

PhagePhage typeHabitata% of total phage hitsb
SoilFecal samplesMarine sedimentSeawater
Actinoplanes φAsp2UnclassifiedSoil9.611.
Mycobacterium φBxz1MyoviridaeSoil7.
Streptomyces venezuelae φVWBλ-like siphophageSoil5.
Haloarcula hispanica φSH1UnclassifiedLake4.
Mycobacterium φRosebushCorndog-like siphophageSoil3.
Myxococcus xanthus φMx8Corndog-like siphophageSoil1.
Bordetella φBMP-1PodoviridaePath0.
Bordetella φBPP-1PodoviridaePath1.
Salmonella φepsilon15λ-like siphophagePath0.
Listeria innocua φList-I6ProphagePath0.
Vibrio harveyi φVHMLP2-like myophageInv0.
Pseudomonas φPaP3T7-like podophageUnk2.
Alphaproteobacterium φJL001SiphoviridaeSea0.
Prochlorococcus phage P-SSM4T4-like myophageSea0.
Prochlorococcus phage P-SSM2T4-like myophageSea0.
Burkholderia cepacia φBcepC6BUnclassifiedSoil1.
Pseudomonas PP03ProphageSoil0.
Synechococcus phage S-PM2T4-like myophageSea0.
Roseophage SIO1T7-like podophageSea0.
Xylella fastidiosa φXfP2ProphagePath0.
  • a Environment from which the phage was first isolated. Lake, hypersaline lake; Path, plant or animal (pathogen); Inv, marine invertebrate intestine; Unk, unknown; Sea, seawater.

  • b The top significant TBLASTX hit for each sequence against a database of completely sequenced phage genomes was recorded. The five phage genomes with the most top TBLASTX hits from each sample are indicated by boldface, while the numbers indicate the percentage of total phage hits from the sample that each sequence comprised. The corresponding abundance of each phage in the other samples is shown as a percentage but not in boldface. The percentages do not add up to 100% because we show only the five most abundant phages in each environment. The two seawater samples were collected from Mission Bay (MB), San Diego, CA, and Scripps Pier (SP), La Jolla, CA. For further information on the seawater, sediment, and fecal viral communities, see references 8 to 10.