TABLE 1.

Principal human pathogenic bacteria identified in municipal wastewater and sewage sludge

PathogenDisease(s) and/or symptoms
Salmonella spp.Salmonellosis, typhoid
Shigella spp.Bacillary dysentery
Escherichia coli (enteropathogenic strains)Gastroenteritis
Pseudomonas aeruginosaOtitis externa, skin infections (opportunistic pathogen)
Yersinia enterocoliticaAcute gastroenteritis
Clostridium perfringensGastroenteritis (food poisoning)
Clostridium botulinumBotulism
Bacillus anthracisAnthrax
Listeria monocytogenesListeriosis
Vibrio choleraCholera
Mycobacterium spp.Leprosy, tuberculosis
Leptospira spp.Leptospirosis
Campylobacter spp.Gastroenteritis
StaphylococcusImpetigo, wound infections, food poisoning
StreptococcusSore throat, necrotizing fasciitis, scarlet fever