Physiological comparison of 88 strains of Escherichia coli

Growth medium or conditionOxygencNo. of strains with type of growthb
ECOR strains (n = 72)Laboratory strains (n = 6)O157:H7 strains (n = 10)
LB controlaBoth72000600010000
1% SDSAerobic6930060008002
5% SDSAerobic6840060008200
1% SDSAnaerobic53154023101702
5% SDSAnaerobic0684004200704
CTABd (all)Both00720006000100
0.05% BACAerobic31158202220091
0.2% BACAerobic01710105000100
0.05% BACAnaerobic2367001500091
0.2% BACAnaerobic00720006000100
pH 6.5Both72000600010000
pH 6Both72000600010000
pH 5Both7020060009001
pH 4.6Both70200600010000
pH 4.3Aerobic14015731203205
pH 4.3Anaerobic6930031201100
pH 4.1 or 4.2Aerobic00720NDgND
pH 4.0Both0072000600091
M63 with supplemente
  • a Eight LB controls were run, two for each set of LB experiments: SDS, CTAB, benzalkonium chloride (BAC), and pH stress.

  • b Growth was measured as either +++, +, or 0 (good, poor, and none, respectively), with +++ being the growth achieved on the LB control plates. “Variable” means that two or three replicates did not agree. All experiments were done at 37°C.

  • c “Anaerobic” refers to use of an Oxoid anaerobic chamber. Aerobic and anaerobic growth data are presented together when the results were identical and separately when the results were not the same or the anaerobic set had not been done. LB plates were measured after 1 (aerobic) or 2 (anaerobic) days, and the M63 plates were measured after 2 or 3 days.

  • d CTAB used at 0.05, 0.2%, and 0.4%.

  • e M63 defined medium (3) was supplemented with glucose, gluconate, or glucuronate, all at 0.2%.

  • f Identical results were obtained with and without 0.0001% thiamine.

  • g ND, not determined.