TABLE 1

Composition of microbial communities of H. illucens larvae on various substrates

Study authors and year of publicationLife stageSubstrateaBacterial community structure
Major phylum%
Jeon et al., 2011 (38)8-day-old larvaeFood wasteBacteroidetes67.36
Proteobacteria18.85
Firmicutes9.4
Fusobacteria2.01
Actinobacteria1.92
Cooked riceProteobacteria54.01
Firmicutes42.27
Unclassified3.52
Calf forageProteobacteria31.08
Actinobacteria24.58
Firmicutes23.46
Bacteriodetes20.51
Zheng et al., 2013 (39)7-day-old larvaeGainesville dietBacteroidetes54.40
Firmicutes20b
Proteobacteria16b
Actinobacteria9b
  • a Substrates that have been tested so far: food waste from Korean restaurants, cooked rice, calf forage (crude protein, 15%; crude fat, 15%; crude ash, 1.5%; Ca, 0.8%; P, 0.8%; and total digestible nutrients, 67%), and Gainesville diet (20% corn meal, 30% alfalfa meal, and 50% wheat bran, saturated with water).

  • b Estimated on the basis of a visual representation in the cited article.