TABLE 2.

Concentrations of PMMoV compared to those of several pathogens and standard indicators in seawater samples a

Indicator (unit)Location
Gulf Stream (control)South CentralBoca RatonBrowardHollywoodMiami NorthMiami Central
PMMoV (copies/100 ml)3.57 × 1066.00 × 1061.80 × 1064.09 × 104
Culturable enterococci (MPN/100 ml)<1<11<16.321.09 × 102
Total enterococci (copies/100 ml)3.33.24.410.72.27 × 1022.53 × 1021.99 × 102
Human-specific Enterococcus faecium esp gene+++
Culturable Bacteroides (CFU/100 ml)<143<110372.21 × 102
Human-specific Bacteroides (copies/100 ml)4.227.6212.08 × 1025.78 × 1033.72 × 1032.79 × 103
Human-specific Bacteroides HF8 gene cluster (copies/100 ml)491.94 × 10266.263.9
Human-specific Methanobrevibacter smithii (copies/100 ml)7.2 × 1022.7 × 1043.7 × 1043.0 × 1051.3 × 1053.4 × 105
Norovirus (copies/100 ml)2.36.32.35 × 1023.47 × 10211
Cryptosporidium (oocysts/100 liters)<0.54<0.59.888.315.7210.5
Giardia (cysts/100 liters)<0.55.3<0.516.9115.1121.2159.9
Human adenovirus hexon gene++
Campylobacter jejuni hipO gene+
Salmonella sp. ipaB gene++
Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus clfA gene++++
E. coli O157:H7 rfb gene
  • a The samples included one offshore Gulf Stream control and surface boils from six ocean outfalls near southeast Florida (listed from north to south). MPN, most probable number; −, the gene was not detected; +, the gene was detected.