TABLE 1.

Buildings and surfaces where viruses have been detected or survived

VirusLocation of virus
Buildings (reference[s])Surfaces (reference[s])
Respiratory syncytial virusHospitals (23)Countertops, cloth gowns, rubber gloves, paper facial tissue, hands (33)
RhinovirusNot foundSkin, hands (30), door knob, faucet (52)
Influenza virusDay care centers, homes, nursing home (51)Towels, medical cart items (51)
Parainfluenza virusOffices (data not published), hospitals (23)Desks, phones, computer mouse (Boone and Gerba, submitted)
CoronavirusHospitals (23), apartment (62)Phones, doorknobs, computer mouse, toilet handles (23), latex gloves, sponges (68)
NorovirusNursing home (6), hotels, hospital wards, cruise ships, recreational camps (22, 38, 61)Carpets, curtains, lockers, bed covers, bed rails, drinking cup, water jug handle, lampshade (6, 38)
RotavirusDay care centers, pediatric ward (8)Toys, phones, toilet handles, sinks, water fountains, door handles, play areas, refrigerator handles, water play tables, thermometers, play mats (8, 15, 38, 70), paper, china (2), cotton cloth, latex, glazed tile, polystyrene (1)
Hepatitis A virusHospitals, schools, institutions for mentally handicapped, animal care facilities, bar (72)Drinking glasses (72), paper, china (2), cotton cloth, latex, glazed tile polystyrene (1)
AdenovirusBars, coffee shops (7, 24)Drinking glasses (24), paper, china (2), cotton cloth, latex, glazed tile, polystyrene (1)
AstrovirusSchools, pediatric wards, nursing homes (39)Paper, china (2)