TABLE 1

Prevalence of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and genotypes in nonhuman primates based on PCR and sequence analysis of the ITS locus

Common nameScientific nameNo. of specimensNo. (%) of positive specimensGeographical source (province) (n)Habitat (n)ITS genotype(s) (n)
Cynomolgus monkeyMacaca fascicularis6242 (67.7)Guangdong (57)Farm (57)CM1 (14), IV (15), D (2), Peru8 (3), CM2 (3), Peru11 (2), CM3 (1)
Henan (3)Zoo (3)Henan V (1), IV (1)
Sichuan (2)Zoo (2)
Assam macaqueMacaca assamensis60Henan (5)Zoo (5)
Sichuan (1)Zoo (1)
Rhesus macaqueMacaca mulatta1,04892 (8.8)Guangxi (220)Farm (220)CM1 (8), D (3), IV (1)
Henan (470)Zoo (40)Henan V (6)
Farm (221)PigEBITS7 (4), CM4 (7), D (2), CM5 (1), I (1)
Free range (209)D (6), CM6 (1), CM7 (1), EbpC (5)
Yunnan (122)Research lab (117)CM1 (12), IV (13), D (2), Peru8 (4)
Zoo (5)
Sichuan (236)Farm (85)CM1 (5), D (4), IV (1)
Free range (151)BEB6 (5)
Japanese macaqueMacaca fuscata93 (33.3)Henan (8)Zoo (8)Henan V (3)
Sichuan (1)Zoo (1)
Pig-tailed monkeyMacaca nemestrina10Yunnan (1)Zoo (1)
Tibetan macaqueMacaca thibetana10Yunnan (1)Zoo (1)
White-headed langurPresbytis leucocephalus14720 (13.6)Guangxi (143)Farm (143)D (11), CM1 (4), Peru8 (2), CM2 (1), Peru11 (1)
Sichuan (4)Zoo (4)PigEBITS7 (1)
Olive baboonPapio anubis120Henan (11)Zoo (11)
Sichuan (1)Zoo (1)
Hamadryas baboonPapio hamadryas60Yunnan (3)Zoo (3)
Sichuan (3)Zoo (3)
GibbonHylobates sp.160Henan (6)Zoo (6)
Yunnan (9)Zoo (9)
Sichuan (1)Zoo (1)
Golden monkeyCercopithecus kandti90Henan (5)Zoo (5)
Yunnan (2)Zoo (2)
Sichuan (2)Zoo (2)
Tufted capuchinSapajus paella70Henan (3)Zoo (3)
Sichuan (4)Zoo (4)
MandrillMandrillus sphinx160Henan (5)Zoo (5)
Sichuan (11)Zoo (11)
OrangutanPongo sp.30Henan (2)Zoo (2)
Yunnan (1)Zoo (1)
Golden snub-nosed monkeyRhinopithecus roxellana291 (3.5)Sichuan (27)Zoo (7)
Farm (20)CM4 (1)
Yunnan (2)Zoo (2)
HanumanCercopithecus sp.40Sichuan (4)Zoo (4)
Green monkeyChlorocebus sabaeus20Sichuan (2)Zoo (2)
Red-faced spider monkeyAteles paniscus20Sichuan (2)Zoo (2)
Squirrel monkeySaimiri sp.20Sichuan (2)Zoo (2)
Red colobus monkeyProcolobus sp.10Yunnan (1)Zoo (1)
Gray leaf monkeyPresbytis hosei10Yunnan (1)Zoo (1)
Ring-tailed lemurLemur catta10Sichuan (1)Zoo (1)
Francois's leaf monkeyTrachypithecus francoisi10Yunnan (1)Zoo (1)
Total1,386158 (11.4)CM1 (43), IV (31), D (30), Henan V (10), Peru8 (9), CM4 (8), PigEBITS7 (5), EbpC (5), BEB6 (5), CM2 (4), Peru11 (3), CM3 (1), CM5 (1), CM6 (1), CM7 (1), I (1)