TABLE 1

Chemicals tested for delayed death effect

CompoundChemical formulaConcn (mM)Phenotypea
MethanolCH3OH17.6–24.7
EthanolCH3CH2OH17.6+
1-PropanolCH3(CH2)2OH17.6+
2-PropanolCH3CHOHCH313.1–17.6
1-ButanolCH3(CH2)3OH17.6+
1-PentanolCH3(CH2)4OH17.6+
1-HexanolCH3(CH2)5OH8.0–17.6b+/–
1-HeptanolCH3(CH2)6OH4.8–17.6c
1-OctanolCH3(CH2)6CH2OH3.8–17.6d
EthanolamineH2NCH2CH2OH6.6–17.6c
3-Amino-1-propanolH2NCH2CH2CH2OH5.2–17.6c
4-Amino-1-butanolH2N(CH2)4OH4.3–17.6c
Ethylene glycolHOCH2CH2OH7.2–17.6
1,3-PropanediolHOCH2CH2CH2OH5.5–17.6
  • a +, has delayed death; –, no delay; +/–, has delayed death at lower but not equimolar (∼17.6 mM) concentrations.

  • b Lethal at equimolar (∼17.6 mM) concentrations and also has an effect at lower concentrations.

  • c Lethal at equimolar concentrations and has no effect at lower concentrations.

  • d Lethal at all concentrations tested.