TABLE 5

Cultivable fecal bacteria of the main microbial groups

Microbial groupNo. of cultivable cells (mean [range]) (log CFU/ml) ina:
HSHSB
Total anaerobes9.80 (9.33–9.93) Ab8.42 (4.98–9.81) B
    Lactobacillus thermophilus (42°C)6.61 (4.60–8.93) B7.53 (4.93–9.16) A
    Lactobacillus mesophilus (25°C)6.61 (3.26–8.98) B7.38 (4.46–9.28) A
    Enterococcus7.05 (5.36–8.55) A7.29 (3.90–9.19) A
    Lactococcus and Streptococcus7.74 (5.36–8.55) A7.57 (4.25–9.26) A
    Staphylococcus5.68 (2.84–8.11) A6.14 (4.38–8.08) A
    Bacteroides, Porphyromonas, and Prevotella9.09 (3.00–9.92) A5.17 (2.52–6.44) B
    Enterobacteriaceae7.07 (5.11–9.27) A6.11 (4.19–7.14) B
Total coliforms6.94 (1.91–8.93) A6.48 (1.00–5.32) B
    Pseudomonas, Alcaligenes, and Aeromonas6.42 (1.97–7.95) A3.68 (1.00–4.81) B
    Bifidobacterium7.16 (4.33–9.80) A6.90 (4.19–9.09) A
    Corynebacterium4.93 (1.74–7.68) A5.35 (2.00–7.17) A
  • a Each healthy subject was analyzed before (HS) and after (HSB) 2 months of diet intervention with 100 g/day of durum wheat and whole-grain barley pasta containing 3% (wt/wt) β-glucans.

  • b Values within a row followed by different letters are significantly different (P < 0.05).