Table 2.

Characterization of natto-fermenting and non-fermenting strains

StrainPresence ofa:SpeciesbPhage sensitivityc
bioIS4Bsu1IS256Bsu1
Natto fermenting
    Bandou-7-3B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Hiroshima-13B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Hiroshima-14++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Ibarakimachi-6-1++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Inashiki-2-1B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Itako-9-1++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Mito-5-1++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Mito-5-10B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Miyagi-4B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Namegata-2-2++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Namegata-6-2++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Namegata-7-1B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Ooarai-10-1++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Ryuugasaki-4-1++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Sakai-17-3++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Tikusei-11-1B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
Non-natto fermenting
    Sakuragawa-10-1+B. amyloliquefaciensR
    Goka-4-3+B. amyloliquefaciensR
    Bandou-23-5-2++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisR
    Mito-7-4+B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarumS
    Moto-5-13+B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarumR
    Miyagi-2+B. subtilis subsp. subtilisR
    Hitachioomiya-8-2+B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarumS
    Tikusei-12-1+B. amyloliquefaciensS
    Tikusei-14-1+B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarumR
Reference
    BEST195++B. subtilis subsp. subtilisS
    Marburg 168+B. subtilis subsp. subtilisR
  • a −, absent; +, present.

  • b Determined by multilocus nucleotide sequencing of gyrA, rpoB, purH, polC, and groEL as described in Materials and Methods.

  • c Phage sensitivity to B. subtilis bacteriophage φNIT1; S, sensitive; R, resistant.