Table 1.

List of strains analyzed and results of in silico analyses

Species or subspeciesStrain nameAntimicrobial resistance gene detectedNo. of virulence factor genes detected
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricusCHCC8942NoneNone
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricusCHCC769NoneNone
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricusCHCC5213NoneNone
Streptococcus thermophilusCHCC2136NoneNone
Streptococcus thermophilusCHCC2222NoneNone
Streptococcus thermophilusCHCC3047NoneNone
Lactobacillus fermentumCHCC10568NoneNone
Lactobacillus johnsoniiCHCC5774NoneNone
Lactobacillus paracaseiCHCC3136NoneNone
Lactobacillus paracaseiCHCC2115NoneNone
Lactobacillus paracaseiCHCC10665NoneNone
Lactobacillus acidophilusCHCC3777NoneNone
Lactobacillus rhamnosusCHCC5366NoneNone
Lactobacillus rhamnosusCHCC3402NoneNone
Lactobacillus rhamnosusCHCC5150NoneNone
Lactobacillus reuteriCHCC12039NoneNone
Lactobacillus plantarumCHCC2365NoneNone
Lactobacillus plantarumCHCC10668NoneNone
Lactobacillus plantarumCHCC10672NoneNone
Bifidobacterium longumCHCC2182NoneNone
Bifidobacterium longumCHCC8879NoneNone
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantisCHCC2228NoneNone
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactisATCC27536tet(W)None
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactisCHCC13471tet(W)None
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactisIPLAIC4tet(W)None
Lactococcus lactisCHCC6005tet(S)None
Lactococcus lactisCHCC2350NoneNone
Lactococcus lactisCHCC1182NoneNone
Escherichia coliMG1655ampC63
Escherichia coliTW03542ampC12