Table 1

Growth capacity of B. bifidum PRL2010 and other bifidobacteria on various carbohydrates

Type of carbohydrate and carbon source Growth of bifidobacterial straina
B. bifidum PRL2010B. longum subsp. longum NCC2705bB. dentium Bd1B. adolescentis ATCC 15703B. breve UCC2003B. longum subsp. infantis ATCC 15697B. animalis subsp. lactis BB12
Monosaccharides
    Arabinose++++++
    Fructose+++++++++++++++
    Fucose+ND+++++
    Galactose++++++++++++++++++
    Glycerol+++
    Glucose+++++++++++++++++++
    Mannitol++++
    Mannose++++++++
    N-Acetylgalactosamine+++ND++
    N-Acetylglucosamine++++++
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid++
    Ribose+++++++++++++
    Sorbitol+++++
    Xylose++++++
Di- and trisaccharides
    Isomaltose++ND+++++++++++
    Isomaltulose++ND+++++++++
    Lactose+++++++++++++++++++
    Lactulose+++ND++++++++++++
    Maltose++++++++++++++++++++
    Maltulose++ND+++++++++
    Melibiose+++++++++++++++++++
    Sucrose+++++++++++++++++++
    Trehalose++++
    Turanose++ND++++++++++
Oligosaccharides and polysaccharidesc
    α-CyclodextrinND
    Arabinogalactan+++++
    Fructo oligosaccharides (FOS)++++++++++++++++
    Galacto oligosaccharides (GOS)+++ND++++++++++++
    Inulin+ND++++++
    Maltodextrin+ND+++++++++++++
    Mucin++ND+
    XylanND+
  • a Symbols: −, no growth as measured by 0.1 ≤ OD600 or 105 ≤ CFU/ml; +, poor growth as measured by 0.1 < OD600 ≤ 0.6 or 105 < CFU/ml ≤ 5 × 106; ++, good growth as measured by 0.6 < OD600 ≤1.2 or 5 × 106 < CFU/ml ≤ 5 × 107; +++, very good growth as measured by OD600 > 1.2 or CFU/ml > 5 × 107. ND, not determined.

  • b As indicated in the study of Parche et al. (13).

  • c Carbohydrates were purified by the method of Rada et al. (16).