Table 1

Characteristics of study population and association with health statusa

CharacteristicNo. (%) of subjectsNo. (%) with health statusP valueb
HealthyURI patient
AOM negativeAOM positive
Total24073 (30.4)95 (39.6)72 (30.0)
Age at swab (mo)0.15
    6–<1255 (22.9)13 (23.6)22 (40.0)20 (36.4)
    12–<24114 (47.5)37 (32.5)39 (34.2)38 (33.3)
    24–3671 (29.6)23 (32.4)34 (47.9)14 (19.7)
Gender0.41
    Male122 (50.8)38 (31.2)52 (42.6)32 (26.2)
    Female118 (49.2)35 (29.7)43 (36.4)40 (33.9)
Race0.25
    Caucasian101 (42.1)26 (25.7)38 (37.6)37 (36.6)
    African-American126 (52.5)44 (34.9)52 (41.3)30 (23.8)
    Otherc13 (5.4)3 (23.1)5 (38.5)5 (38.5)
Day care0.0005
    Yes97 (40.4)16 (16.5)45 (46.4)36 (37.1)
    No143 (59.6)57 (39.9)50 (35.0)36 (25.2)
Other children in home0.39
    Yes153 (63.8)42 (27.4)62 (40.5)49 (32.0)
    No87 (36.2)31 (35.6)33 (37.9)23 (26.4)
Days since last antibiotic use
    None within past 6 mo140 (58.3)55 (39.3)52 (37.1)33 (23.6)0.007
    Current use to 7 days24 (10.0)5 (20.8)6 (25.0)13 (54.2)
    8 to 4827 (11.2)4 (14.8)14 (51.8)9 (33.3)
    49–8426 (10.8)3 (11.5)12 (46.2)11 (42.3)
    85–18323 (9.6)6 (26.1)11 (47.8)6 (26.1)
  • a n = 240.

  • b P values from χ2 tests of distribution over health status. Boldface indicates a significant result.

  • c “Other” includes biracial (n = 7), Asian (n = 4), and answer missing/refused (n = 2).