Table 3

Names, structures, and masses of human milk oligosaccharides glycoprofileda

HMO typeNameAbbreviation or designationMass (m/z)StructureDPb
Neutral
    NonfucosylatedLacto-N-tetraose/lacto-N-neotetraoseLNT/LNnT709Galβ1-3GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc/Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc4
Lacto-N-hexaoseLNH1,074Galβ1-3GlcNacβ1-3[Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc6
Lacto-N-neohexaoseLNnH1,074Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-3[Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc6
para-Lacto-N-hexaosep-LNH1,074Galβ1-3GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc6
    Fucosylated2′-Fucosyllactose2FL490Fucα1-2Galβ1-4Glc3
Lacto-N-fucopentaoseLNFPI855Fucα1-2Galβ1-3GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc5
LNFPII855Galβ1-3[Fucα1-4]GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc5
Monofucosyllacto-N-hexaoseMFLNHI1,220Fucα1-2Galβ1-3GlcNacβ1-3[Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc7
Difucosyllacto-N-hexaoseDFLNH-A1,366Fucα1-2Galβ1-3GlcNacβ1-3[Galβ1-4[Fucα1-4]GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc8
DFLNH-B1,366Galβ1-3[Fucα1-4]GlcNacβ1-3[Galβ1-4[Fucα1-3]GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc8
DFLNH-C1,366Fucα1-2Galβ1-3[Fucα1-4]GlcNacβ1-3[Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc8
DFpLNHII1,366Galβ1-3[Fucα1-4]GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4[Fucα1-3]GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc8
Acidic sialylated3-Sialylactose3SL635NeuAcα2-3Galβ1-4Glc3
Monosialyllacto-N-tetraoseLSTa1,000NeuAcα2-3Galβ1-3GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc5
LSTb1,000Galβ1-3[NeuAcα2-6]GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc5
Monosialyllacto-N-neotetraoseLSTc1,000NeuAcα2-6Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc5
Monofucosylmonosialyllacto-N-tetraoseF-LSTc1,146NeuAcα2-6Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4[Fucα1-3]Glc5
Monosialyllacto-N-hexaoseS-LNH1,365Galβ1-3GlcNacβ1-3[[NeuAcα2-6]Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc7
4021a1,365Galβ1-3[NeuAcα2-6]GlcNacβ1-3[Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc7
Monosialyllacto-N-neohexaoseS-LNnHII1,365[NeuAcα2-6]Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-3[Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc7
Monofucosylmonosialyllacto-N-hexaose4121a/4121b1,511[NeuAcα2-6]Galβ1-4[Fucα1-3]GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc/[NeuAcα2-6]Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4[Fucα1-3]GlcNacβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc8
FS-LNHIII1,511Galβ1-3[Fucα1-4]GlcNacβ1-3[[NeuAcα2-6]Galβ1-4GlcNacβ1-6]Galβ1-4Glc8
4121 unknown1,511Not defined8
  • a Adapted with permission from references 2 and 3.

  • b DP, degree of polymerization.