Table 5

Odds ratios (OR) and upper and lower confidence intervals (CI) for MST endpoints versus selected pathogens in water using AADa

Value for indicated pathogen(s)
MST endpointEstimateCampylobacter spp.Salmonella spp.E. coli O157:H7CryptosporidiumGiardiaHepatitis ENorovirus GIIRotavirus
Cryptosporidium a/w livestockLower 95% CI OR estimate0.250.290.006.760.240.000.000.00
OR estimate1.273.620.001.130.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate5.3529.354.2511.81
Cryptosporidium a/w wildlifeLower 95% CI OR estimate0.820.280.0017.730.110.000.000.00
OR estimate2.352.210.000.420.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate6.7717.621.3477.91
Cryptosporidium a/w aviansLower 95% CI OR estimate0.060.000.000.320.030.000.000.00
OR estimate0.000.001.830.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate541.3936.67
Cryptosporidium a/w humansLower 95% CI OR estimate0.000.000.000.190.090.000.000.00
OR estimate0.000.000.007.180.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate13.2179.75588.77
Cryptosporidium a/w muskrats/volesLower 95% CI OR estimate0.650.420.009.750.180.000.000.00
OR estimate2.063.360.000.690.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate6.3527.262.21
Cryptosporidium a/w unknown sourcesLower 95% CI OR estimate0.250.290.002.460.070.000.000.00
OR estimate1.273.620.000.700.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate5.3529.353.6677.91
Bacteroidales ruminant markerLower 95% CI OR estimate0.280.010.331.330.410.080.670.03
OR estimate0.590.396.504.741.792.681.54
Upper 95% CI OR estimate1.193.00389.0021.666.8910.1730.79
Bacteroidales muskrat markerLower 95% CI OR estimate0.120.000.000.010.040.000.020.00
OR estimate0.550.000.000.422.360.000.880.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate1.977.8536.758.4648.35450.197.8519.46
Bacteroidales Canada goose markerLower 95% CI OR estimate0.320.000.000.090.040.000.000.00
OR estimate1.430.000.001.762.360.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate6.4353.70106.9148.351249.150.8371.37
Bacteroidales pig markerLower 95% CI OR estimate0.100.000.000.210.340.000.000.00
OR estimate1.420.000.002.685.010.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate19.9038.60157.86146.0674.803676.05241.45931.99
Bacteroidales human markerLower 95% CI OR estimate0.190.000.000.090.100.000.000.04
OR estimate0.590.000.000.451.030.000.002.13
Upper 95% CI OR estimate1.594.3820.931.955.87241.451.8129.00
Hepatitis A virus a/w humansLower 95% CI OR estimate0.020.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
OR estimate0.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate483.823917.62240.89998.20
Astrovirus a/w humansLower 95% CI OR estimate0.410.020.000.010.000.000.270.00
OR estimate1.440.880.000.000.001.680.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate5.817.76240.897.619.77
Norovirus GI a/w humansLower 95% CI OR estimate0.600.240.000.010.000.000.320.00
OR estimate2.512.660.000.000.002.060.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate15.1017.53283.749.6911.65
Norovirus GIII a/w bovinesLower 95% CI OR estimate0.760.000.000.000.000.210.120.05
OR estimate3.850.000.000.000.001.272.78
Upper 95% CI OR estimate38.004.937.0738.29
Norovirus GIV a/w humansLower 95% CI OR estimate0.360.000.000.000.000.320.200.00
OR estimate2.160.000.000.000.002.210.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate22.898.2114.2120.95
Sapovirus a/w humansLower 95% CI OR estimate0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
OR estimate0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate
Human torque teno virusLower 95% CI OR estimate0.550.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
OR estimate2.970.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate30.176.19379.942.7915.99
Torque teno sus virus a/w swineLower 95% CI OR estimate0.550.030.000.000.000.000.010.00
OR estimate2.971.440.000.000.000.000.670.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate30.1713.55379.945.5415.99
Adenovirus 40/41 a/w humansLower 95% CI OR estimate0.160.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
OR estimate2.100.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate113.4920.95998.209.7750.58
General adenovirus a/w humansLower 95% CI OR estimate0.010.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
OR estimate0.690.000.000.000.000.000.000.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate54.7969.912002.3633.77155.20
F-RNA coliphage a/w human originLower 95% CI OR estimate0.170.000.000.000.000.000.220.00
OR estimate1.030.000.000.000.000.002.520.00
Upper 95% CI OR estimate7.2711.7052.81530.4317.5523.41
F-RNA coliphage a/w animal originLower 95% CI OR estimate0.910.000.000.030.000.040.180.01
OR estimate2.010.000.000.730.000.720.49
Upper 95% CI OR estimate4.621.125.5748.2111.802.576.41
  • a Significant results are in bold. a/w, associated with.